Pornware is the name given to a class of programs that display pornographic material on a device. In addition to the programs that some users may deliberately install on their computers and mobile devices – to search for and display pornographic material – Pornware also includes programs that have been maliciously installed, without the user having any knowledge of their presence. Often, the purpose of unrequested Pornware is to advertise fee-based pornographic websites and services.
Malware developers can exploit unpatched vulnerabilities – within commonly used applications or the operating system – in order to install Pornware on a user's computer, tablet or smartphone. In addition, Trojans – such as Trojan-Downloader and Trojan-Dropper – can be used to infect a device with Pornware. Examples of Pornware include:
Because Pornware may have been deliberately downloaded by a user, antivirus solutions may not be able to determine whether a specific Pornware program poses a threat to the user’s device. Kaspersky Lab products give users the option on whether to detect Pornware – and how to react to it: