Find out more about the topic of preventing and protecting against ransomware in 2021. But what exactly is ransomware? If ransomware or an encryption Trojan gets onto your computer, it encrypts your data or locks your operating system. As soon as ransomware gets hold of a "digital hostage", such as a file, it demands a ransom for its release. To reduce the likelihood of finding yourself in front of a locked laptop or encrypted file, it's important to be prepared. The chances of infection can be significantly reduced both by security software and by paying sufficient attention. By using anti-ransomware, you can avoid a situation in which you have to pay horrendous sums for the possible release of your data. Ransomware infections can occur in various ways, such as through insecure and fraudulent websites, software downloads and by spam mail. Ransomware targets individuals as well as companies of all sizes.
There are a number of factors that might make you the target of a ransomware attack.
If one or more of these points apply to the device, you are at risk of falling victim to a ransomware attack. A vulnerability scan, which can be performed by your Kaspersky security software, can remedy this. The software scans the device for possible security vulnerabilities in the operating system or in the programs installed on the computer. By detecting these vulnerabilities, which enable malware to infiltrate, it is possible to prevent the computer from becoming infected.
In addition to these infection-prevention measures, it is also essential to use appropriate software to protect against ransomware. For example, using virus scanners and content filters on your mail servers is a smart way to prevent ransomware. These programs reduce the risk of spam with malicious attachments or infected links reaching your mailbox.
Internet security solutions such as Kaspersky Internet Security should also be installed. This software is able to block infected files when you download or stream something, thus providing real-time protection. This prevents ransomware from infecting your computer and keeps cybercriminals at bay. Kaspersky also offers a special anti-ransomware tool that can provide additional help. The tool helps detect and block ransomware by performing scans and protects your data both from local and remote-access ransomware attacks.
If you have installed the right software, you have already taken a big step in the right direction. Regularly update your internet security solution to take advantage of the best and latest protection it has to offer. Each update contains the latest security patches and improves protection against ransomware.
Make sure your data is always protected by backups, in case your computer becomes infected with ransomware and decryption is impossible. Use an external hard drive and be sure to disconnect it from your computer after creating the backup. If your hard drive is connected when the ransomware becomes active, the data on the drive will also be encrypted. You should back up your data in this way at regular intervals.
If you do not want to protect your data manually, you can use what is known as backup software. But here you also need to exercise caution. That's because some "security tools" can also turn out to be Trojans. Creating backup copies is a primary task of backup software, which means it has access to all files and has numerous privileges.
Software usually has a direct connection to the provider, so it is easy for cybercriminals to incorporate additional functions and commands. These can be harmful and may not be recognized by the user. In order to avoid such a situation, you should be very careful when searching for suitable backup software. Some security solutions, such as Kaspersky Total Security Tool, already offer plug-ins that can create backups. By using this kind of plug-in, you can avoid having to search for third-party providers.
Ransomware attacks are by no means only a threat to individuals. In fact, companies are also frequently targeted. Not only large, lucrative companies fall victim to ransomware; small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are targeted too. They usually have poor security systems, and are therefore particularly attractive targets for attackers. Below is a list of factors that should be taken into account by companies wanting to avoid ransomware infection.
While the basic concept of ransomware attacks – data encryption and ransom extortion – remains the same, cybercriminals regularly change how they operate.
Just as cybercriminals are driving the development of ransomware, anti-ransomware protection is evolving to become more effective and efficient.
As with other forms of malware, careful action and the use of excellent security software are a step in the right direction when it comes to combatting ransomware. Of particular importance with regard to this type of malware is the creation of backups, as this allows you to be well prepared even in a worst-case scenario. If you become a victim of a ransomware attack despite these preventive and protective measures, you can find more information here on how to get rid of the malicious software.