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Android Malware Threats 2012 Infographic
Like PCs and Macs, mobile devices are vulnerable to various security threats. In fact, according to a survey conducted by Kaspersky Lab and Interpol between August 2013 and July 2014, one out of five Android devices protected by Kaspersky Lab products was attacked by malware at least once during the reporting period. Cybercriminals have increasingly targeted Android-based and other mobile devices with new threats as they have grown exponentially in popularity in recent years, including SMS Trojans and exploits to gain root access to the mobile device. Specifically, these threats can be divided into several categories:
Web-based threats pose a ceaseless threat to smartphone and mobile devices due to the fact that they’re constantly connected to the Internet. A few major threats to mobile devices include the following:
Application-based threats, also known as “malicious apps,” involve using apps to commit various forms of cybercrime. They involve tricking users into downloading apps that may appear to be fine, but are actually malicious in nature and designed to conduct illicit activities. A few forms of application-based threats may include the following:
Throughout 2012, 99% of all mobile malware detected by Kaspersky Lab was designed to target the Android platform. During the year, Kaspersky’s Internet security experts identified more than 35,000 malicious Android programs.
The reasons for the huge growth in Android malware are:
The most widespread malicious objects detected on Android smartphones can be divided into three main groups:
Malware has been found in app stores. During 2012, Kaspersky detected malicious programs in Google Play, the Amazon app store and other third-party app stores.
European and American banks and e-pay systems offer a variety of ways to protect users’ transactions – including authentication using e-tokens, one-time passwords, confirmation of transactions through codes sent to the phone and more.
However, cybercriminals are developing programs that bypass these measures. For example, the Zitmo family of programs is designed to attack a user’s mobile phone and can bypass the two-factor authentication systems used by European banks. These mobile malicious programs work in tandem with Zbot (ZeuS):
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