Malware in June: Scammers Turn to BitCoins
06 Jul 2011
The experts at Kaspersky Lab present their monthly report about malicious activity on users’ computers and on the Internet.
June in figures. The following statistics were compiled in June using data from computers running Kaspersky Lab products:
- 249,345,057 network attacks blocked;
- 68,894,639 attempted web-borne infections prevented;
- 216,177,223 malicious programs detected and neutralized on users’ computers;
- 83,601,457 heuristic verdicts registered
Difficult times for cybercriminals. June brought some notable successes for various law enforcement agencies in the war on cybercrime. In the US, the activities of two international cybercrime groups that made money from fake antivirus programs were terminated. According to preliminary estimates, the damage caused by the groups amounted to $74 million. In addition to US agencies, the operation to shut down these groups involved law enforcement agencies from another 11 countries. About 600 people suspected of implementing fraudulent online schemes were arrested in several Southeast Asian countries. Another major event this month was the arrest of Pavel Vrublevsky, owner Russia’s biggest payment processing center ChronoPay, on charges of organizing a DDoS attack on a competing service.
Crime in the clouds. In June, cybercriminals used Amazon’s cloud to host and distribute malware that targeted Brazilian users and was designed to steal data from customers of nine Brazilian banks. To improve its chances of success, the malware blocked the normal operation of AV programs and special plugins that are supposed to make online banking secure. The malware also stole digital certificates and Microsoft Live Messenger credentials.
Money from thin air. Russian scammers tried their luck at making money for nothing in June using the BitCoins virtual money system. With the help of a new malicious program they launched a legitimate BitCoins file on the victim computer in an attempt to generate the cyber currency in their own accounts. The BitCoins site administration reacted quickly to block the attacker’s account, so the cybercriminals appear to have made very little money.
Mac OS X still very much in the cybercriminals’ sights. June saw cybercriminals distributing a new backdoor – Backdoor.OSX.Olyx.a – designed to provide attackers with remote control of victim machines. This enabled them to use infected computers to download more malware, launch programs and send commands to an interpreter for execution.
New malicious specimens. The Top 20 malicious programs on the Internet in June included a large number of new entries. Once again it was dominated by malware that makes use of drive-by attacks: redirectors, script downloaders and exploits. These made up 14 of the 20 places in this rating. One of the more notable new entries this month was Exploit.HTML.CVE-2010-4452.bc which uses a straightforward vulnerability in Java Runtime Environment to download and launch a Java exploit. This in turn allowed other malicious programs to be installed on the victim computer.
More detailed information about the IT threats detected by Kaspersky Lab on the Internet and on users' computers in June 2011 is available at: www.securelist.com/en